On This Page:
Solar BiomassHydropower ♦ Wind ♦ Geothermal


Below is a list of resources for solar, biomass, hydroelectric, and wind energy.





  • Vermont Energy and Climate Action Network (VECAN) Community Solar Toolbox: This page helps communities and community members understand common models and approaches to community solar in Vermont and provides helpful best practices, case studies, and resources.
  • Solar Land Lease Issues checklist from the North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center and Leasing Municipal and Private Property for Solar fact sheet from the Solar Foundation: both resources contain information that may be useful to Vermonters considering leasing their land for solar development.
  • Vermont Solar Consumer Guide from Renewable Energy Vermont and the Residential Consumer Guide to Solar Power from the Solar Energy Industries Association.
  • NREL - IMBY: IMBY was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to help individuals estimate the electricity they can produce with a solar photovoltaic (PV) array at their home or business. Homeowners, businesses, and researchers use IMBY to develop quick estimates of renewable energy production at locations throughout the U.S. IMBY uses a map-based interface to allow you to choose the exact location of your PV array. Based on your location, system size, and other variables, IMBY estimates the electricity production you can expect from your system.
  • NREL - Open PV Project:  The Open PV Project is a collaborative effort between government, industry, and the public that is compiling a comprehensive database of photovoltaic (PV) installation data for the United States. Data for the project are voluntarily contributed from a variety of sources including utilities, installers, and the general public. The data collected is actively maintained by the contributors and are always changing to provide an evolving, up-to-date snapshot of the US solar power market.
  • DOE’s Solar America Communities program is committed to developing a sustainable solar infrastructure that removes market barriers and encourages the adoption of solar energy by residents and businesses in local communities. The objective is to develop comprehensive approaches that lay the foundation for a viable solar market and provide a model for communities throughout the United States. The Solar America Communities Outreach Partnership will bring the lessons learned and best practices from the Solar America Cities partnerships to communities across the United States.US DOE/EERE - Solar Energy Technologies Program: The Solar Energy Technologies Program focuses on developing cost-effective solar energy technologies that have the greatest potential to benefit the nation and the world. A growing solar industry also stimulates our economy by creating jobs in solar manufacturing and installation.
  • DSIRE Solar Portal: DSIRE Solar provides comprehensive information on state, local, utility, and federal incentives and policies that promote solar energy. Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar Energy Technologies Program, DSIRE Solar provides solar-specific policy information to consumers, policy makers, businesses, utilities, researchers and other stakeholders.







Vermont Small Hydropower Assistance Program

The draft screening criteria, combined stakeholder comments, and summary of comments with reply comments are also available.







  • Commission on Wind Energy Regulatory Policy Final Report & Attachments

  • Utility-Scale Wind Energy Planning Resources: This is the product of the Wind Siting Consensus Building Project sponsored by the Public Service Department to build consensus on the appropriate siting of utility-scale wind energy in Vermont, published in 2002.

  • Small Wind Electric Systems: This is a consumer guide by the U.S. Department of Energy on small, residential-scale wind systems (published in 2002).

  • Residential Wind Siting Handbook: This is a guide to siting residential wind turbines published by the Vermont Public Service Board.

  • Small Wind: Is it Right for You?: This is a fact sheet which provides information about the planning and permitting process for small-scale wind turbines.

  • Wind Energy and Vermont's Scenic Landscape: This is landscape architect Jean Vissering's discussion paper based on the Wind Siting Consensus Building Project.

  • 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory publishes an update to this report about trends in wind turbine technology, policy, and pricing every year. Also see the summary presentation.

  • A Visual Assessment Process for Wind Energy Projects: Landscape architect Jean Vissering wrote this generalized visual assessment methodology for Clean Energy States Alliance in 2011. She looks at effective state and local policies, practices, and methodologies to evaluate the visual impacts associated with wind development projects.

  • Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines: Published by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 2012, these voluntary guidelines are designed to help wind energy project developers avoid and minimize impacts of land-based wind projects on wildlife and their habitats.
  • Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: This 2010 National Renewable Energy Laboratory study examines the operational impact of up to 20-30% energy penetration of wind on the power system in the Eastern Interconnect of the United States and sets out to answer questions that utilities, regional transmission operators, and planning organizations had about wind energy and transmission development in the east.