Energy efficiency resources are often less expensive than the equivalent supply resources. State policy for least cost energy planning therefore highlights efficiency as a key tool to meet the state's energy needs in the most cost-effective manner. Expenditures on energy efficiency stay local, create good jobs, help the local economy, and reduce the state's environmental footprint. The Public Service Department carries out and/or oversees numerous energy efficiency and energy conservation programs, while also serving as the Vermont State Energy Office under the U.S. Department of Energy, State Energy Program. Extensive information about all of these programs can be found below.
Energy Efficiency Utilities
The Vermont Public Service Board has appointed two entities to deliver both electricity and heating-and-process-fuel energy efficiency services to residential and business consumers throughout Vermont, one is Efficiency Vermont (operated by Vermont Energy Investment Corporation) which delivers services in most of the state, and the other is Burlington Electric Department which delivers services in its service territory. The services offered by these "Energy Efficiency Utilities" help consumers invest now in energy efficiency measures that will save Vermonters money.
The Public Service Board has delegated the responsibility to evaluate, measure, and verify services offered and savings claimed by the Energy Efficiency Utilities.
Vermont Public Service Board Energy Efficiency Regulation
The Public Service Board's Website has comprehensive information regarding the regulation of the Energy Efficiency Utilties, Efficiency Vermont and Burlington Electric Department, including links to ongoing and historical proceedings to set budgets, performance targets, and more.
Efficiency Vermont (EVT) is one of Vermont's Energy Efficiency Utilities. This comprehensive site describes EVT's programs and service offerings that can help you identify the most cost-effective ways to reduce energy use in your home or business. EVT can also be reached by calling 1-888-921-5990.
Burlington Electric Department
Burlington Electric Department (BED) is one of Vermont's Energy Efficiency Utilities. This comprehensive site describes BED's programs and service offerings that can help you identify the most cost-effective ways to reduce energy use in your home or business. BED can also be reached by calling 1-802-865-7342.
Vermont Gas Systems Efficiency Programs
Vermont Gas Systems offers comprehensive thermal efficiency programs including rebates, financing, and technical assistance for cost-effective natural gas saving measures for both its residential and business customers.
This energy code affects all new homes (and additions, alterations, renovations, or repairs) built after July 1, 1998. RBES is currently in the process of being revised. Last revisions took effect October 1, 2011, current revisions are expected to take effect March, 2015.
Vermont law requires that the residential energy code (RBES) be updated promptly upon the revision of the latest International Energy Conservation Code. This process has now begun and is expected to continue through 2014.
The Vermont Accrediatation Procedure for Home Energy Rating System Providers sets minimum standards for rater training, operating procedures and policies, software programs, and quality control. These standards assure that customers can rely on the representations of accredited providers.
This page has state and federal resources with helpful information to help you save energy.
Commercial and Industrial
The Commercial Building Energy Standards (CBES) applies to all commercial buildings effective January 1, 2007. The CBES has been revised as of October 3, 2011. Revisions took effect January 3, 2012.
Vermont law requires that the commercial energy code (CBES) be updated every three years, this process has now begun and is expected to continue through 2014.
The program works with local school officials to save energy based on the highest need first. Need is determined based on an energy use index, either BTUs/student/year or BTUs/square foot/year.
Act 250 projects for compliance with Criterion 9(F).
This Building Life Cycle Cost (BLCC) software provides economic analysis of proposed capital investments that are expected to reduce long-term operating costs of buildings or building systems and components.
The COMcheck-EZ software simplifies energy code compliance by offering a flexible computer-based alternative to manual calculations.
The Vermont Public Service Board has established an option for eligible Vermont business customers to self-administer energy efficiency through the use of an Energy Savings Account (ESA).
The Energy Code Compliance Plan provides more information on the Public Service Department's process for developing a plan to meet 90 percent compliance with Vermont energy codes by February 1, 2017.
This site provides consumers and businesses information they need to make use of the federal income tax incentives for energy efficient products and technologies.
Regulated and Unregulated Fuel Potential Studies (2014)
The Public Service Department commissioned these studies to estimate the energy efficiency potential for the regulated and unregulated fuels market in Vermont.
The Public Service Department commissioned a update to the study of the potential for electric energy efficiency to reduce electric consumption and peak demand throughout Vermont carried out in 2011. This study was used as a basis to inform energy efficiency budgets for 2015-2017, as ordered by the Public Service Board in its Demand Resources Plan proceeding.
The Public Service Department commissioned a study of the potential for electric energy efficiency to reduce electric consumption and peak demand throughout Vermont. The study found that that energy efficiency could achieve 25.4% of forecasted kWh sales in 2031, and 19.9% of 2031 forecasted summer peak demand. This study was used as a basis to inform energy efficiency budgets for 2012-2014, as ordered by the Public Service Board in its Demand Resources Plan proceeding.
This study estimates the achievable cost effective potential for electric energy and peak demand savings from energy-efficiency and fuel conversion measures in Vermont.
This study estimates the achievable cost effective potential for energy savings from energy-efficiency measures for oil, propane, kerosene and wood fuels in Vermont over the ten-year period from 2007 through 2016.
The Public Service Department created and facilitated a taskforce to ensure an integrated and comprehensive statewide whole-building approach to thermal energy efficiency that will put Vermont on the path toward meeting the goals set forth in statute.
Avoided Energy Supply Costs
Every two years, the Department of Public Service joins a regional effort to develop "Avoided Energy Supply Costs" for consideration to be used for energy efficiency cost-effectiveness screening. The final report and appendices, produced by Synapse Energy Economics, can be found below.
2015 Avoided Energy Supply Costs Study:
2013 Avoided Energy Supply Costs Study:
- Final Report with Appendices
- Appendix B - Workbook
- Appendix C - Workbook
- Appendix D - Workbook
- Description of Amendments
- Amended Appendix C
- Amended Appendix D
Working Groups have been formed to complete analysis on building energy disclosure, including whether and how to require disclosure of the energy efficiency of commercial and residential buildings in order to make data on building energy performance visible in the marketplace for real property and to inform the choices of those who may purchase or rent such property.
Planning & Energy Resources Division
For information about the Planning & Energy Resources Division, please see the Divisions page.
For more information regarding energy efficiency-related programs and services, please contact the Public Service Department.