Skip to main content


Vermont Electric Utilities

Vermont has three types of electric utilities: investor owned utilities (1), municipal electric departments (14), and member-owned rural electric cooperatives (2). These 17 electric distribution companies range in size from small municipal electric departments with several hundred customers to one large investor owned utility, Green Mountain Power, with more than 260,000 customers. Source: EIA data (2017).

Vermont's electric utilities are regulated monopolies and operate under a Certificate of Public Good (CPG) granted by the Vermont Public Utility Commission (Commission). As regulated monopolies, rates and policies are subject to review by the Department of Public Service (PSD) with approval by the Commission. The Public Utility Commission maintains a list of electric companies authorized to operate in Vermont, with contact information.

Vermont is the only state in New England that has chosen not to restructure its electric industry by adopting retail competition. Because Vermont utilities own few of their own generation resources and participate in the New England electric wholesale market, they share many characteristics with distribution companies in other New England states that have restructured.