The 2011 Vermont Comprehensive Energy Plan (CEP) sets out a pathway for Vermont to obtain 90% of its energy from renewable sources by 2050. This ambitous goal calls on all citizens to take actions that will collectively transform the way we use and produce energy in our electric, transportation, and heating sectors. Some of the main policies and incentives available to Vermonters that will help effect this transformation are highlighted below. For an in-depth look at the CEP's goals and recommendations, please download Volume 1 (executive summary) and Volume 2 (Facts, Analysis, and Recommendations).

State Renewable Energy Goals

With the passage of Act 56 in 2015, Vermont established a Renewable Energy Standard that requires utilities to:

  • Meet a 75% by 2032 total renewable energy requirement (55% in 2017)
  • Meet 10% of sales with distributed generation in 2032 (1% in 2017)
  • Meet 12% of sales with "energy transformation projects" in 2032 (2% in 2017)

Act 56 also includes provisions related to setback and screening requirements for solar photovoltaic facilities.

Vermont's Comprehensive Energy Plan establishes a goal of 90% renewable energy across all sectors by 2050.

Clean Energy Development Fund (CEDF)

The purpose of CEDF is to increase the development and deployment of cost-effective and environmentally sustainable electric power resources, primarily with respect to renewable energy resources, and the use of combined heat and power technologies, in Vermont.

Net Metering

Net metering makes it easier and more cost-effective for Vermonters to generate some or all of their own electricity by installing a renewable energy system that essentially "spins the meter backwards" for a home, business, farm, school, or any other electric utlity customer (or group of customers).

Standard Offer

Vermont created one of the first standard price offerings for renewables in the nation in 2009, as part of the state's Sustainably Priced Energy for Economic Development (SPEED) program. The first iteration of the program resulted in fixed-price contracts for 50 MW of in-state renewables projects (up to 2.2 MW each); the next iteration is currently under development and will increase the program by 77.5 MW over the next ten years, for total of 127.5 MW.


A variety of Renewable Energy Publications are available free of charge. Send requests for publications to

Planning & Energy Resources Division

For information about the Planning & Energy Resources Division, see the Divisions page.